How do we differentiate coffee? Coffee origin says quite a lot about its characteristics and its quality. Although there are a number of blends of this beverage, the type of coffee is actually crucial to its taste. The geographical area, the cultivation of the plant, the plantations and the quality of grains determine what the final product of the coffee will be.
As the most famous types of Arabica, coffee Minas and coffee Santos got their names from the areas in Brazil where they are being grown. Rio Minas is the type of coffee characterized with strong taste, and it represents one of the basic ingredients of any coffee blend in the Balkans. It grows on altitude from 600 to 2.000 meters, and in nature it grows on a tree which can reach the height of six meters, however, the coffee trees on plantations, due to easier picking, are shortened to the height of three meters.
If India is observed in the context of coffee, it is necessary to know that exactly this country is the home of the best type of Robusta coffee in the world. Robusta brings additional value to the product. It is characterized by smaller bean, light color and irregular shape. This type of coffee is primarily used for coffee blends because with its extract and high percentage of caffeine (2,3-3,5%) it gives the beverage a rich taste and full aroma.
As the producer of Robusta, Vietnam is the second biggest global supplier and producer of coffee. In general, Robusta is grown in Africa and Asia (India, Indonesia, Vietnam) at altitudes of 600 meters. The growing of this type of coffee is simplest because it is resistant to tropical heat and parasites, and it grows at lower altitudes, and thus it has lower production and sale price. It grows in harsh environment such as rainforests, where, for example, Arabica would fail to resist diseases such as “coffee rust”.
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